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PhD in Canada for Indian Students in 2024

Pursuing PhD in Canada can be the best decision if you want to take your education to the next level. Studying in top-ranked universities with affordable tuition fees, Canada has become a preferable study-abroad destination for students desiring to study PhD in the country. But getting started on a PhD journey comes with a lot of obstacles. For instance, finding a course, suitable institution, admission process, and more. But worry not; if you're ready to take the next step in your academic journey, let this guide take you towards it!  

Why PhD in Canada for Indian Students

When it comes to pursuing a PhD course in Canada, it’s a prevalent choice among students because of its affordability, and post-study work options. However, candidates should meet certain criteria set by the universities to get a successful enrolment. So, before moving directly towards PhD requirements in Canada, let's take our first step to understand 'Why PhD in Canada and what benefits students can get while or after a PhD degree.

Get Insights on Why Study PhD in Canada via this Gradding.com Post

Excellent for Research-Based Studies

Research says Canada has been ranked number 4 in providing scientific research studies globally since the universities are mostly research-oriented, making it an ideal study-abroad destination to pursue a PhD.

Home to QS World Ranked Universities

In 2024, there are over 10 universities in Canada offering PhD programs. Also, these institutions come under QS World Rankings 2024. Apart from this, some universities also earned the Nobel Prize for maintaining quality education, facilities, infrastructure, etc. Meanwhile, the University of Toronto is one of them!

Post-Study Work Opportunities

After completing your PhD in Canada, you can stay in the country for up to 3 years through the Post-Graduation Work Permit Program (PGWPP). This step allows you to gain valuable work experience and apply for the Permanent Residency program to remain permanently in the nation.

Affordable Study Programs

Pursuing a PhD course in Canada is much more affordable than in the US and UK. Also, the average tuition fees range from INR 3 Lakhs to INR 10 Lakhs, with an extra travel cost of approximately 6 Lakhs.

Wandering to Grab Details on PhD in Canada Courses?

Learn about the Top PhD Specialization in Canada, Popular Courses, Scholarships from the Best Study Abroad Platform; Gradding.com. Connect With Our Experts!

Overview of PhD Courses in Canada

Depending on your interest, Canadian universities offer PhD programs in various streams. Thus, whether you're interested in management, economics, engineering, arts, etc., Canadian PhD courses provide excellent opportunities in every domain. Hence, check out the table below and learn about the top PhD courses offered by top universities in Canada:

PhD PROGRAMS PROGRAM DESCRIPTION
Doctorate in Music, Composition and Sound Creation Option
  • Offered By- Université de Montréal
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 141
  • Study Mode- On-Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full-Time
  • Subject - Veterinary Science
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- August
PhD in Environmental Design
  • Offered By- Université de Montréal
  • QS World University Ranking 2024 - 141
  • Study Mode - On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full-Time
  • Subject - Urban Planning
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date - August
PhD in Dental Surgery
  • Offered By- Dalhousie University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 298
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full-Time
  • Subject - Dentistry
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- September
PhD in Film and Moving Image Studies
  • Offered By- Concordia University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 387
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full-Time
  • Subject - Communication and Media Studies
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- September
PhD in Political Science
  • Offered By- Université de Montréal
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 141
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full Time
  • Subject - Politics
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- August
Dance Studies
  • Offered By- York University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 353
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full Time
  • Subject - Performing Arts
  • Duration - 60 Months
  • Start Date- September
Economics
  • Offered By- Concordia University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 387
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full Time
  • Subject - Economics and Econometrics
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- September
PhD in Entrepreneurship and Organization
  • Offered By- Conrad School of Entrepreneurship and Business - University of Waterloo
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 112
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity -Subject - Business and Management Studies
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- September
Mathematics and Statistics
  • Offered By- Concordia University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 387
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full Time
  • Subject - Mathematics
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date- September
PhD Program in Management
  • Offered By- Desautels Faculty of Management - McGill University
  • QS World University Ranking 2024- 30
  • Study Mode- On Campus
  • Course Intensity - Full TimeSubject - Business and Management Studies
  • Duration - 48 Months
  • Start Date-  August

Intakes to Pursue a PhD Course in Canada

If you're considering getting a PhD degree in Canada, then it's essential to know about the correct semesters based on your preferred field and course. For your information, Canada has 3 main intakes in a year, and during this time, Indian students can apply to any of the universities they want to attend. Hence, make sure you choose the right time to start your journey in a suitable Canadian institute.

Here are the 3 major intakes to study Canada PhD courses:

INTAKE NAME DETAILS
Fall Intake (Primary) September - December (Early January) The reason why it’s called Primary intake is because this semester offers all the major courses and degrees.
Winter Intake (Secondary) January - May It is an ideal semester for students who couldn’t be able to get admission in September intake.
Spring / Summer Intake May-August This intake offers a limited selection of colleges and programs while the application process generally starts in April or May.

Also Read: Scholarships for the Winter Intake in Canada

Top Universities to Study PhD in Canada

Canadian universities offer abundant options to delve into the courses and find a suitable one for yourself. As we know, their institutes are known for top-notch research facilities, highly qualified professors, a cultural student community, and no language barrier, making a creative and innovative environment for Indian students.
Meanwhile, the PhD universities in Canada offer programs in various fields, including engineering, management, economics, arts, culture, and society. 
Look for the table below to find out the top 10 Ph.D. universities, along with their fee structure, that even made it into the Times Higher Education Rankings.

Here are the Top Institutes By Gradding.com to Study PhD Course in Canada


Now that you have a better understanding of the top 10 universities in Canada. Let's now move ahead and discover what learning PhD in Canada looks like from these top 5 Canadian universities.

  1. University of Toronto
  2. University of British Columbia
  3. McGill University
  4. McMaster University
  5. University of Waterloo

Let's learn each one of them!

University of Toronto

This university provides a vast range of academic programs to Indian students, consisting of undergraduate and postgraduate courses along with doctoral studies. Aspiring scholars can opt from a diverse range of subjects to pursue their PhDs and enhance their expertise in their chosen fields. To get a comprehensive list of available programs, please refer to the table given below.

POPULAR COURSES
  • Management
  • Business
  • Accounting
  • Medicine
COURSE DURATION
  • 4-6 Years
COURSE INTENSITY
  • Full-Time & Part-Time
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Recognized PG Degree
  • Bachelor’s Degree A- GPA Score in Master’s Degree
  • Mandate Work Experience
LANGUAGE SCORES
  • TOEFL iBT: 107/120
  • IELTS: 7.5 Bands Overall
NO. OF PhDs AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
  • 78

University of British Columbia

The University of British Columbia is widely recognized for enrolling bright and hardworking students from across the world. So, if you are an Indian student planning to pursue a doctoral program, it could be beneficial to consider this university, especially if you aim to establish a career in the field of doctorate studies. However, be aware that the number of available seats is restricted while completing your application.

POPULAR COURSES
  • Economics
  • Science
  • Engineering
  • Medicine
COURSE DURATION
  • 4-6 Years
COURSE INTENSITY
  • Full-Time & Part-Time
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Recognized PG Degree
  • Bachelor&rsquos Degree
LANGUAGE SCORES
  • TOEFL iBT: 90 Overall
  • IELTS: 6.5 Bands With No Less Than 6.0 in Each Section
NO. OF PhDs AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
  • 7

McGill University

McGill University is a world-class institution where you can pursue in-demand Canada PhD programs in your field of interest. The university accepts students from all over the world and has programs that are specially designed to cater to their needs. A great team of research experts is there to assist the PhD students. To learn more about this university, you can refer to the table below:

POPULAR COURSES
  • English
  • Physics
  • Economics
COURSE DURATION
  • 4-6 Years
COURSE INTENSITY
  • Full-Time and Part-Time
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Master’s Degree
  • Bachelor’s Degree
  • CGPA Score of 3.0
LANGUAGE SCORES
  • TOEFL: 100
  • IELTS: 7.5 Bands Overall
NO. OF PhDs AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
  • 111

McMaster University

McMaster is a well-known university in Canada that offers a wide range of PhD programs for international students. The university is known for its diverse offerings that cater to the needs of PhD holders in various fields, from Science to Performing Arts. Meanwhile, most of the programs offered are research-based and typically last for up to 4 years. Hence, if you're interested in learning more about what McMaster offers international students, check out the table below!

POPULAR COURSES
  • Engineering
  • Medicine
  • Statistics
  • Performing Arts
COURSE DURATION
  • 4.5 Years
COURSE INTENSITY
  • Full-Time
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Master’s Degree with B+ Average Grade
  • GMAT Score of 600
LANGUAGE SCORES
  • IELTS: Overall Band 7
  • TOEFL: 100 Overall
NO. OF PhDs AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
  • 100

University of Waterloo

If you have completed your undergraduate degree in engineering, mathematics, or computer science and are interested in pursuing a PhD, the University of Waterloo could be a top choice. According to alumni and students who have graduated from there, it is defined as the number one preference for these subjects. In addition to this, the institute is also rated number one for experimental learning in all of its available PhD programs. Further, to learn more about their popular programs, eligibility requirements, and other details, please refer to the table below.

POPULAR COURSES
  • Engineering
  • Mathematics
  • Computer Science
  • Business
  • Health
  • Arts
COURSE DURATION
  • 4-5 Years
COURSE INTENSITY
  • Full-Time & Part-Time
ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA
  • Master’s or Honour Bachelor’s Degree with 80% Average Score
LANGUAGE SCORES
  • TOEFL: 100 Overall
  • IELTS: 7.5 Bands Overall
NO. OF PhDs AVAILABLE FOR INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS
  • 190

To learn more about how to get a PhD degree in Canada at these top universities, connect with our experts today! You can also go through the next section to check your eligibility to pursue a PhD course in the country.

Admission Requirements to Study PhD in Canada

Before enrolling in a PhD course in Canada, you must familiarize yourself with the eligibility requirements. These requirements may include work experience, grades obtained in previous courses, scores on the English proficiency test, and other standardized exams. To learn more about PhD requirements in Canada, we have divided them into sub-sections below. Please scroll down to find out more.

Documents Required to Study PhD Course in Canada

There are numerous PhD courses available for Indian students in Canada. However, to be eligible for enrollment, you need to understand the university's specific requirements. Meanwhile, certain standard eligibility criteria applicable to all PhD programs in Canada, which are as follows:

  • Master's Degree Certificate: You must have a Master's degree from a recognized university. Meanwhile, most institutes accept a score of 80%.
  • Academic Transcripts: In addition to a PG degree, overseas students need to submit all official academic transcripts of their previous educational qualifications, such as UG degrees.
  • Updated CV / Resume: Students with below-average academic scores should prepare a strong CV that mentions their past work experiences, internships, etc.
  • Research Statement: Another primary requirement is submitting a research statement. It depicts your interest in a new or current project. Also, it must be in essay form and at least 1500 words long.
  • Writing Sample: You must provide a writing sample that includes your skills related to how well you can submit a thesis, assignments, research paper or article. Meanwhile, the word limit is 5000-10,000, depending on your chosen university. 
  • Letters of Recommendation (LORs): As per the chosen course, students must submit 2-3 letters of recommendation from their previous college or workplace.
  • English Language Test Scores: If your first language isn't English, you must take an English proficiency test, such as IELTS or TOEFL. To pass the exam, you must achieve at least 7.5 bands in IELTS and 107/20 in TOEFL.

Application Process for PhD in Canada

After meeting the document requirements, you should begin your application for a PhD course based on your subject interests and preferred university. Here's a quick overview of how to apply for a PhD course in Canada:

Heres the step by step guide by Gradding.com to Apply for Your Canadian PhD Visa

Now that you've gained insights on how to apply for a PhD in Canada, let's learn what studying a PhD course in Canada looks like! Hence, in the following section, let's delve into the expenses that come with these programs!

Cost of Studying PhD Course in Canada for Indian Students

The duration of PhD programs is approximately 4-6 years in Canada, depending on the course and university of choice. Meanwhile, the expenses are divided into two categories: Tuition and Living expenses. Let's check the table below for more insights on these outlays

Average Tuition Fees

Most PhD institutes in Canada require international students to pay tuition fees either annually or per term. The average annual payment for Ph.D. programs is CAD 4112 - CAD 8342. However, the tuition fee ranges from CAD 2000 to CAD 8100 if you want to pay term-wise.

Living & Other Expenses

Living expenses in Canada vary from city to city and even depend on your university location. As we know, every college offers different charges for international students who want to stay on-campus. Some are affordable, while some ask for higher prices. However, the average cost of staying in Canada is around CAD 18,000/ year, of which rent and housing occupy the major part. Hence, here's a table that comprises approximate monthly expenses in Canada for overseas students:

EXPENSES ANNUAL COST IN CANADA
Tuition Cost $19,200 (Average 1st Year Tuition Fees)
Health Insurance $756
Textbooks $1000 (As Per University of Toronto Official Website)
On Campus Rent $2500 - $16,000
Mobile Phone Plan (Basic Package) $420
Public Transportation Pass Cost $480
Groceries / Restaurant Food $3600
Movies / Clothes / Gifts, etc. $1000
Car Insurance $1500
Car Fuel $2544
Total Expenses: $39,750 (Approximately)

As you can see, how much bank balance you must have to cover your tuition fees and other expenses as an Indian student in Canada? However, compared to other nations, Canada offers affordable tuition fees, but remember, there is always a way to reduce some burden. One such path is to look for financial aid options to pursue Canada PhD courses hassle-free. Luckily for strictly budgeted students, there are multiple PhD scholarship opportunities available in the country.

Top Scholarships to Study PhD in Canada

To make it affordable for international students to pursue a PhD course in Canada, the Canadian government and institutes offer a lot of grants and awards. Hence, here's a list of all available PhD Scholarships in Canada for Indian students:

SCHOLARSHIPS COVERAGE / BENEFITS / DESCRIPTION
Banting Postdoctoral Fellowship
  • 70 Students can Get this Grant.
  • It covers up to CAD 70,000 over tuition fees, which is taxable for 2 years.
  • Application deadline is around September, while the results are declared by mid-January or February.
Vanier Canada Graduate Scholarship
  • The number of funds awarded is about CAD 50,000 every year.
  • In addition to this, this grant covers fees for 3 years of PhD course.
Quebec Provincial Government Scholarship
  • Doctoral students can get this grant up to $25,000 / Year for up to 3 years.
  • While post-doctoral students are awarded up to $35,000 or one year (cannot be renewed).
Partnership Grants by Social Science & Humanities Research Council in Canada
  • Students can get scholarship up to CAD 20,000 for 4-7 Years, depending on their course length.
  • Only students pursuing their research degree in the areas of humanities and social sciences are eligible to apply for this grant.
Trudeau Scholarships & Fellowships
  • This fellowship provides a research allowance as well as covers traveling expenses.
  • The grant amount is in the range of CAD 20,000 to CAD 40,000.
Ontario Trillium Scholarship
  • This grant is offered to all international students across the globe to study in the region of Ontario.
  • Every year 75 students get this scholarship with rewards up to CAD 40,000 for 4 years.

To learn more about these scholarship programs, go through their official website and check your eligibility. Meanwhile, let's review the available jobs after completing a PhD in Canada for international students. Read on to the next section!

Also Read: Ultimate Guide for 10 Best Scholarships in Canada

Jobs and Average Salary After Pursuing PhD in Canada

PhD graduates can find plenty of job prospects once they've finished their study duration. Here are the top job profiles one can consider:

JOB PROFILES AVERAGE YEARLY SALARY
Postdoctoral Research Associate CAD 50,769
Research Scientist CAD 73,973
Data Scientist CAD 97,304
Assistant Professor CAD 92,898
R&D Director CAD 136,999
Research Analyst CAD 70,651
Principal Scientist CAD 105,945
Research Director CAD 93,031
Research Engineer CAD 78,189

Also Read: Everything You Need to Know About Average Salary in Canada

In conclusion, Canada is known for its affordability in terms of study programs compared to other nations. In addition, for those seeking a high level of security and a safe place, look no further than this fascinating country. Hence, if you're an Indian student looking to pursue a PhD in Canada, you can count on Gradding.com to provide easy guidance from researching a university until you receive your study work permit.

FAQs About Studying PhD in Canada

Q1 Can I Get PR While Studying PhD in Canada?

Yes, a PhD student can apply for the PR in Canada apart from their work-study period. Moreover, they are also eligible to work for up to 3 years during their studies. Hence, it makes them eligible for PR status.

Q.2 Which PhD specialization is the most in-demand in Canada?

Programs such as Business, Health, Engineering, Arts, and Education are the highly demanded PhD courses in Canada

Q.3 How Long is PhD in Canada?

In Canada, a PhD program includes a thesis, research, etc. Hence, most PhDs in Canada take about 4-6 years to complete.

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View all comments
Aditi Ratnani

Hi, I have a query. I completed my master's in the year 2021 with 1st division and have worked as an assistant professor for 2 years. Am I eligible to apply for a PhD course in Canada? 

gradding

Great news! You are well-positioned to apply to Canadian PhD programs since you have your first-division Master's degree and two years of experience as an assistant professor. Your research skills are a great advantage! Although the specifics differ, you look like the ideal person.

Siddharth Chaturvedi

Hi! I'd like to know more about applying for a PhD course in Canada. I'd be very happy if I could get a response. Thank you!

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