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What Is CGPA? Meaning, Calculation and Differences

What is CGPA?  In the realm of education, CGPA means a significant indicator of academic performance, it's more than just a number. But what exactly does it entail, and how does it differ from GPA and SGPA? Are you too curious about the grading systems used in your desired study destination? Understanding your Cumulative Grade Point Average can help you get scholarships, internships, and other opportunities. Let's explore what is CGPA and pave the way for your academic excellence.

What Is CGPA and its Importance: An Overview

Cumulative Grade Point Average or in short CGPA means a grading system used in educational institutions. CGPA in result is a measure of a student's overall academic performance across multiple subjects, semesters or years. Score is calculated by averaging the grade points earned in each subject or semester. Unlike a GPA (Grade Point Average) that typically considers grades from a single semester or course, CGPA aggregates grades over an extended period. 
The answer to what is CGPA in college, is that it serves as a vital indicator of a student's academic progress and performance. It influences various aspects such as eligibility for scholarships, internships, and further education opportunities. Understanding CGPA is crucial for college students to gauge their academic standing and strive for continuous improvement. Moving ahead to explore the cons of the CGPA in the upcoming segment.

What is CGPA in detail by the experts at Gradding.com

CGPA Full Form: Limitations of Using this Factor

CGPA full form is Cumulative Grade Point Average, which is a measure of a student's overall academic performance. However, it's important to recognize that while CGPA provides valuable insights, it also has its limitations. Here are some factors to consider:

1. Standardization Challenges:

CGPA systems can vary among different educational institutions, making it difficult to directly compare scores.

2. Lack of Detail: 

CGPA may not offer a detailed breakdown of a student's performance in specific subjects or areas of study.

3. Contextual Differences:

The grading scale used for CGPA calculation may not consider contextual differences in education systems, leading to disparities in assessment.

4. Omitting Important Details:

Relying solely on CGPA may overlook important aspects of academic achievement, such as extracurricular activities or practical skills.

5. Subjectivity in Grading:

CGPA calculations can be influenced by subjective factors like grading leniency or strictness, potentially affecting the accuracy of assessment.

Despite these limitations, CGPA score remains a useful tool for evaluating academic performance. However, it's important to consider these factors alongside other indicators to gain a comprehensive understanding of a student's abilities and potential. Moving ahead to explore the points of differentiation between GPA and CGPA.


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Difference Between CGPA and GPA

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) and GPA (Grade Point Average) are both measures of academic performance, but they have distinct differences:

Full Form: Cumulative Grade Point Average Grade Point Average
Scope: Reflects overall performance across all subjects or semesters Represents performance within a single semester or specific set of courses
Calculation: Averaging grade points earned in all subjects or semesters Averaging grade points earned in a particular semester or set of courses
Frequency: Calculated at the end of a degree program, incorporating grades from all semesters Calculated at the end of each semester or academic year, reflecting performance for that specific period
Calculation Formula: Overall percentage divided by 9.5 Overall percentage divided by 100, then multiplied by 4
Grading Scale: Often based on a 10-point scale, common in countries like India and parts of Europe Typically based on a 4-point scale, commonly used in the United States
Usage: Used to assess overall performance for various purposes, including eligibility for scholarships, internships, and further education Primarily used to evaluate performance within a specific time-frame, such as determining academic standing or eligibility for honours

This table provides a concise comparison between CGPA and GPA, highlighting their differences in scope, calculation, frequency, grading scale, and usage. After getting along with the differences between CGPA and GPA, it is time to perceive the differences between CGPA and SGPA in the following section.

What Is CGPA and SGPA? A Differentiation

CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average) and SGPA (Semester Grade Point Average) are both measures of academic performance, but they differ in several key aspects:

Scope: Overall performance across all semesters Performance for a specific semester
Calculation: Average of grade points from all semesters Average of grade points for one semester
Frequency: Calculated at the end of the degree program Calculated at the end of each semester
Usage: Assesses overall academic performance Provides snapshot of performance for a term
Context: Spans entire academic program Focuses on a single semester

This table illustrates the key differences between CGPA and SGPA in terms of scope, calculation, frequency, usage, and context. Understanding the differences between CGPA , GPA and SGPA is essential for students to interpret their academic results accurately and track their progress effectively throughout their academic career. After exploring the differences between different grading systems, it is time to know how to calculate the CGPA in the following segment of the blog.

How to Calculate CGPA: Explanation with Example

The method for calculating CGPA can vary depending on the grading system adopted by different institutions. However, the fundamental principle of CGPA calculation remains consistent across these variations.

Range of Marks Grades Allotted Grade Points
91-100 A1 10
81-90 A2 9
71-80 B1 8
61-70 B2 7
51-60 C1 6
41-50 C2 5
33-40 D 4
21-32 E1 -
Less than 21 E2 -

CGPA Calculation Formula:

To calculate CGPA, use the following formula:
Step 1: Assign Grade Points to each subject based on the obtained marks according to the table above.
Step 2: Calculate the Total Grade Points earned across all subjects.
Step 3: Divide the Total Grade Points by the total number of subjects.
Step 4: The result is the CGPA.

Example to Calculate CGPA

Example: Suppose a student has obtained the following grades in 5 subjects:
Subject 1: A1 (Grade Point = 10)
Subject 2: A2 (Grade Point = 9)
Subject 3: B1 (Grade Point = 8)
Subject 4: B2 (Grade Point = 7)
Subject 5: C1 (Grade Point = 6)

Here is an example of the calculation process of CGPA | Gradding.com

Step 1: Add the Grade Points: 10+9+8+7+6=40
Step 2: Divide by the total number of subjects (5 in this case): 40/5=8
Step 3: The CGPA is 8.
Calculating CGPA involves summing up the grade points earned in each course and dividing the total by the number of courses. This straightforward formula allows institutions to gauge a student's overall academic performance systematically.
This method provides a standardized approach to evaluating a student's academic performance across subjects using the CGPA metric. Moving ahead to explore the process of converting GPA into CGPA.

How to Convert GPA into CGPA

Converting GPA into CGPA:

  1. Gather your course grades and corresponding credit hours.
  2. Multiply each grade by its credit hours to get grade points for each course.
  3. Add up all the grade points.
  4. Add up all the credit hours.
  5. Divide the total grade points by the total credit hours.
  6. The result is your CGPA.

This was the procedure to convert GPA into CGPA. Moving ahead to explore the process of convert CGPA into marks. 

How to Convert CGPA to Marks

To convert CGPA to marks on a 10.0 grading scale:

  1. Determine the Grading Scale: Identify that your institution follows a 10.0 grading scale.
  2. Multiply by 10: Multiply your CGPA by 10, as each point in the CGPA scale represents one-tenth of the total scale.
  3. Example: For instance, if your CGPA is 8.5 on a 10.0 scale, multiplying 8.5 by 10 would give you 85 marks out of 100.
  4. Adjust if Needed: find abroad top universities , check their CGPA scale, If your institution's grading scale differs, adapt the multiplier accordingly to ensure accurate conversion.

This was the procedure to convert CGPA into marks. Moving ahead to explore the process of convert percentage from CGPA.

How to Calculate Percentage from CGPA?

Calculating the percentage from CGPA involves a simple formula. Here's how you can do it:

  1. Identify the Maximum CGPA: Determine the highest CGPA possible in your institution's grading system. For example, if the highest CGPA achievable is 10.0, this is your maximum CGPA.
  2. Divide CGPA by Maximum CGPA: Divide your CGPA by the maximum CGPA.
  3. Multiply by 100: Multiply the result by 100 to obtain the percentage equivalent.
  4. Example: For instance, if your CGPA is 8.0 out of 10.0, dividing 8.0 by 10.0 and then multiplying by 100 would give you 80%.

When applying for higher courses in Indian universities or jobs within India, students often need to know what is the meaning of CGPA and  convert their CGPA to percentage, as it's the standard grading system in India. The formula for converting CGPA to percentage is:
Percentage = CGPA × 9.5
By the experts of Overseas Education Consultants in Chennai, this formula allows students to translate their CGPA means into the equivalent percentage. It facilitates compatibility with Indian grading norms and requirements. Moving ahead to explore the differences between grade point, max grade point and CGPA multiplier in the upcoming section.

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What Is Difference Between Grade Point, CGPA Multiplier and Maximum Grade Point?

The terms "grade point," "CGPA multiplier," and "maximum grade point" are related but serve different purposes in grading systems:

1. Grade Point: 

This is a numerical value assigned to a student's performance in a specific course. It represents the quality of the student's work in that course. For example, in a 4.0 grading scale, an "A" might be assigned a grade point of 4.0, a "B" might be assigned 3.0, and so on.

2. CGPA Multiplying Factor or CGPA Multiplier:

This is a factor used to calculate a student's Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) from their individual course grades. It varies depending on the grading system used by the institution. For instance, in a 4.0 grading scale, each grade point contributes directly to the CGPA. In a 10.0 grading scale, the CGPA multiplier would be 10, as each CGPA point represents one-tenth of the total scale.

3. Maximum Grade Point:

This refers to the highest possible grade point achievable in a grading system. It sets the upper limit for grades. For example, in a 4.0 grading scale, the maximum grade point is 4.0. In a 10.0 grading scale, the maximum grade point is 10.0.
While grade points represent individual course performance, the CGPA multiplier is used to calculate the overall average of these grades, and the maximum grade point sets the highest achievable grade in the grading system.

At Gradding.com, our team of study abroad experts is dedicated to helping you understand what is the meaning of CGPA and how it impacts your academic journey. Whether you're aiming for top universities or prestigious scholarships, we provide personalized guidance and support for your study aboard journey.


1. What Is CGPA Multiplying Factor?

The CGPA multiplying factor is used to convert individual course grades into a cumulative grade point average (CGPA). It varies depending on the grading system used by the institution.

2. How Important Is CGPA for Admissions?

CGPA is often an important factor for admissions to further education programs or for certain job opportunities, as it serves as a measure of academic performance and potential.

3. How Does CGPA Impact Career Prospects?

CGPA can impact career prospects by influencing opportunities for further education, scholarships, internships, and job offers. Many employers and educational institutions consider CGPA as an indicator of a candidate's academic capability and dedication.

4. Is It Possible to Improve CGPA If It Is Low?

Yes, it's possible to improve a low CGPA through various means such as seeking help from tutors, improving study habits, retaking courses if permitted, focusing on high-value courses, and maintaining consistency in academic performance.

5. What Is a Good CGPA Range to Aim for?

A good CGPA range to aim for can vary depending on your academic goals, the competitiveness of the field you're interested in, and the standards of the institutions you're applying to. Generally, aiming for a CGPA above 8.0 (on a 10.0 scale) is considered favorable for many opportunities.

6. How Often Is CGPA Updated in Academic Records?

CGPA is typically updated at the end of each semester or academic term when grades for all courses are finalized and recorded.

7. Can I Calculate My Own CGPA Using My Grades?

Yes, you can calculate your own CGPA using your grades by multiplying the grade points for each course by the course credits, summing them up, and dividing by the total number of credits. Each institution may have its own specific formula for CGPA calculation.

8. Are There Any Specific Strategies to Maintain a High CGPA Throughout the Academic Year?

Strategies to maintain a high CGPA include:

  • staying organized, 
  • attending classes regularly, 
  • actively participating in discussions, 
  • seeking help when needed, 
  • managing time effectively, 
  • reviewing course materials regularly, 
  • setting realistic goals, 
  • and maintaining a healthy balance between academics and personal life. 

Additionally, seeking feedback from professors and adjusting study strategies accordingly can also be beneficial.

9. Can I Study Abroad with a Low CGPA?

While a higher CGPA makes admission simpler, students with lower CGPAs might enhance their chances by mentioning other accomplishments in their application. Students can benefit greatly from factors like as exam results, extracurricular activity engagement, well-written statements of purpose (SOPs), and supportive letters of reference (LORs).

Is CGPA Important for Studying Abroad?

CGPA is required during the admission process for study abroad since it assists admission officers in understanding a student's present academic status, including their performance in relevant disciplines for obtaining a degree.

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View all comments
Prerna Malik

I learned everything about different grading systems, thank you.

Mishi Pareek

Can you help me to score well in my IELTS test to study abroad?

Malti Khanna

I got to know about the conversion of CGPA into SCPA and GPA with this blog. Thank you for easy guide.

Jordan David

Can you help me with conversion of CGPA and GPA?


Yes Sure! You must multiply the CGPA by the highest GPA that is allowed at your university in order to convert it to GPA.

Rushi Patil

This blog helped me to clear the doubts about GPA, CGPA and SGPA.