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Everything About Toughest Branch in Engineering

Engineering is considered as one of the most reputable field in the world, mainly in India. It is also one of the hardest fields in education and when you explore various branches, the difficulty only increases. Well, deciding the toughest branch in engineering can be subjective and depends on individual strengths, interests, and perspectives. Moreover, in this blog, we will uncover the top 10 toughest engineering courses in the world. But, first, let’s discuss how engineering is vital in your career. 

Why to Choose Engineering as a Career?

A career as an engineer is promising. They are recognized by employers, peers, and society for their character, ethics, and quality of work. Engineers are employed in various sectors. Here are some of the bright side of being an engineer:

  • The Opportunity to Innovate: Engineers play a vital role in pushing the boundaries towards applied science, solving technical problems, and other areas to reach heights. This field is at the cutting edge of innovation in shaping the society.
  • Protecting the Public and Its Interests: By becoming engineers, people evaluate that they have the broader interests of society in mind includes health, and property.Thus, engineers get respects by the public and are considered as licensed professionals.
  • Degree of Trust: People who have a license for engineering are seen as trustworthy. They have clearly exhibited their commitment in developing skills and knowledge in their field. Therefore, only engineers have the right to seal engineering drawings and serve as qualified experts.
  • Higher Earning Potential: Engineering is consistently one of the highest-paying and in-demand professions, that makes higher earnings throughout all the career phases. Companies also recognize that recruiting engineers brings benefits in terms of customer trust.
  • The Opportunity to Improve Lives: Engineering provides meaningful solutions to problems involved with everything. By pursuing engineering, you can make the relevant contributions to individuals and communities locally, nationally, and beyond.

Overall, Engineering is a basic part of our society as it provides solutions to our problems that we face. shape our future, and impacts our lives in countless ways. Now let’s discuss the types of engineering that you can pursue.

Also Read: MBBS in USA for Indian Students: 2024-25

5 Main Toughest Branch in Engineering

To engineer anything is to make, construct, or design it. As a result, engineering refers to any scientific or technological subject concerned with the development of machinery. Some engineering fields are subsets of other engineering disciplines. For example, environmental engineering is sometimes described as a division of civil engineering. However, most sources divide engineering into the five branches that are listed below:

1. Civil Engineering

Civil Engineering is the toughest branch in B.Tech. These engineers put main focus on constructing, design, and physical structures used by the public.It includes roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports and many more. Many of these engineers have speciality in making eco-friendly architecture to fight climate change.

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2. Chemical Engineering

In the simple terms, chemical engineers deals with chemicals. These engineers create materials and products by taking concepts from chemistry, biology, and physics. They work with microbes and food. Also, they perform other experiments in labs.

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3. Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineering requires the production of mechanical systems and other devices in motion. These engineers use problem-solving, critical thinking, and theories of math and physics to make their concepts into real products. It includes ships, firearms, household appliances, turbines, and vehicles.

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4. Electrical Engineering

Introduced in the 19th century, electrical engineering focuses on electrical equipment and electronics. They design, test, and maintain devices that produce electricity from little objects. These engineers mostly complete their tasks in an office or lab. Also, on-site work is also common.

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5. Industrial Engineering

The final and toughest branch in engineering is industrial engineering. This engineering deals with general business practices to reduce costs and increase efficiency. As an industrial engineer, you must work well with people. These engineers primary tasks include designing facilities and information systems, managing inventories, and ensuring workplace safety.

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As discussed above, these are the 5 main types of engineering that a student can go for. Now let’s move ahead with the blog and discuss the steps in detail of how one can become an engineer.


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What Are the Steps to Become an Engineer?

If you are interested in designing, creating or developing products, you must opt for a career as an engineer. Thus, we have mentioned below the steps for how to become an engineer.

1 Select the Engineering Branch You Wish to Pursue

As you have learned above, there are various branches you can choose from in engineering. Every one of them is different and requires separate skills and learnings. First, you have to do your B.Tech course, for instance, you have to choose a specialization later. Therefore, you must be sure while selecting which branch to follow. For that, conduct proper research, observe your interests and then match your skillsets with the branch in which you will shine the most.

2 Choose the Right Program

Once you know what type of engineering you wish to do, the next step is to select the right program. There are various types of diplomas, post-graduate degrees, bachelor’s degrees, and certification courses to get admitted yourself. The stage you choose will decide the program you’ll have to undertake. Mentioned below are a few of the programs you can join to start your engineering journey.

  • Bachelor of Technology (B. Tech)
  • Bachelor of Engineering (BE)
  • Master of Technology (ME)
  • Master of Engineering (ME)
  • Master of Science (MSc)
  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD.)

3 Opting for the Right Institute

After deciding the type of program of your choice, you have to go for the right institution to pursue your course. All engineering colleges have different types of programs and specializations available under them. You will have to list down the prospect institutes and then compare them based on your needs and preferences. Also, be aware of any entrance rounds that you might need to appear for in your chosen colleges.

4 Sign-up for Internships

Internships provide a practical learning experience for you as a graduate student. Additionally, an internship also places you higher above the rest of the candidates during your job placement. Especially in a field like engineering where almost everything is practical. If you want to explore more, then you can even try international internships.

5 Take up Work Projects

Taking up projects means learning through observation. Through this, you will observe the work of a professional and gain a practical understanding of a niche. You can even take this up as a part-time job alongside your branch and course.

It is a complete process, starting with passing of basic engineering exam that is fundamentals of Engineering (FE) to become an engineering intern (ET). After you have a few years of engineering background working under supervision you can get a professional engineering license. Now let’s discuss the top 10 engineering courses that you can pursue.

Top 10 Toughest Engineering Courses in World

The most difficult engineering courses in the world include the understanding of complex theories and problems. Some fields often require students to practice on dangerous chemicals while others require them to develop technical parts. The good thing about some of these courses is that they pay off with high-paying jobs and the ability to provide life-changing solutions to mankind. Thus, the top 10 toughest courses in world are given below:

  • Nuclear Engineering

This is a branch of engineering sciences that involves designing, developing, operating, and maintaining systems that utilize nuclear energy. This field deals with the application of nuclear processes, nuclear fusion and fission, for various purposes. It is based on basic principles of physics and mathematics.

Scope Medical Isotope Production, Advance Reactor Designs, Small Modular Reactors etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, UK, Russia, Hungary, Germany, China and Japan
Best Universities
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • University of Birmingham
  • Stanford University
  • Budapest University of Technology and Economics
  • University of Tokyo
  • Kyoto University
  • University of Cambridge
  • McGill University
Average Starting Salary $70,000 to $90,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Reactor Engineer
  • Nuclear Fuel Cycle Engineer
  • Nuclear Materials Engineer
  • Aerospace Engineering

Aerospace engineering is the toughest branch in engineering in world that deals with the designing, developing, testing, and operating of spacecraft, and related systems. It is a vast field with two major disciplines that is, aeronautical and astronautical engineering. These engineers are responsible for making large flights ensuring safety and other operations.

Scope Hypersonic Flights, Space Exploration, Reusable Launch Vehicles etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, UK, Canada, Germany, France and Japan
Best Universities
  • University of Michigan
  • Princeton University
  • Purdue University
  • Harvard University
  • Imperial College London
  • University of Toronto
  • Cornell University
  • The University of Texas
Average Starting Salary $65,000 to $75,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Flight Testing
  • Compliance Officer
  • Maintenance Engineer
  • Biomedical Engineering

It is a branch of engineering that deals with the principles to solve problems in biology and medicine. These engineers aim to improve healthcare facilities and act as a bridge to fill the gap between biology and the engineering world. Being listed among the hardest engineering branch, biomedical not only challenges the students to take up difficult work but also provides life-changing solutions.

Scope Artificial Organs and Tissue Engineering, Bioprinting, Brain-computer interfaces etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, UK, Canada, Singapore and Australia
Best Universities
  • Michigan State University
  • University of Oxford
  • Peking University
  • University of California
  • National University of Singapore
  • University of Pennsylvania
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • Brown University
Average Starting Salary $75,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Medical Device Engineer
  • Tissue Engineer
  • Biomaterials Engineer
  • Chemical Engineering

It is a fascinating branch that bridges the gap between chemistry and engineering subjects. This is considered the toughest course in the world containing the difficult curriculum and the tendency to build from raw or scratch chemical substances.

Scope Nanotechnology, Biotechnology and Environmental Engineering
Best Countries to Pursue USA, Canada, Australia and the Netherlands
Best Universities
  • UC Berkeley
  • Northwestern University
  • ETH Zurich
  • Tsinghua University
  • Caltech University
  • University of Delaware
  • Birmingham University
  • Delft University of Technology
Average Starting Salary $70,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Process Engineer
  • Plant Engineer
  • Product Development Engineer
  • Civil Engineering (Structural)

It is a specialised field within civil engineering that deals in the design, analysis, and construction of a structure. These engineers are the ones who ensure our buildings, bridges, dams, and other creations. The course requires strong mathematical knowledge, software, visualization and spatial reasoning.

Scope Building Designs, Building Information Modeling and smart materials and structures.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, UK, Canada, New Zealand and Ireland
Best Universities
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Illinois
  • Delft University of Technology
  • National University of Singapore
  • Technical University of Munich
  • Carnegie Mellon University
  • Politecnico Di Milano
  • University of California
Average Starting Salary $65,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Bridge Engineer
  • Construction Engineer
  • Building Engineer
  • Computer Engineering

Computer engineering (CoE or CpE) is a branch of computer science that integrates several fields of computer science required to develop hardware and software. It is referred to as computer science and engineering at some universities. The students must be able to work with programming languages such as Python and Java.

Scope IT Software Companies, Sales & Marketing, Content Industry, Engineering Firms etc.
Best Countries to Pursue New Zealand, Ireland, Switzerland, UK, USA
Best Universities
  • University of Washington
  • The University of Edinburgh
  • University of Waterloo
  • New York University
  • University of British Columbia
  • University of Texas at Austin
  • Yale University
  • McGill University
Average Starting Salary $85,000 to $110,000 per year
Popular Designations
  • Web Developer
  • Technical Support Specialist
  • Data Analyst/Scientist
  • Petroleum Engineering

This is one of the best engineering courses abroad that focuses on the exploration, extraction, and production of oil and gas. It is a field concerned with the activities related to the production of hydrocarbons. To excel in this field, it is beneficial to develop skills and stay updated on the latest advancements in drilling technologies.

Scope Oil and Gas Extraction, Company Management, Coal and Petroleum Manufacture etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, Canada, Australia and China
Best Universities
  • University of Tulsa
  • University of Oklahoma
  • University of Strathclyde
  • Texas Tech University
  • University of Houston
  • University College London
  • University of Alberta
  • Imperial College London
Average Starting Salary $56,000 to $78,000
Popular Designations
  • Oil Engineers
  • Reservoir Engineers
  • Drilling Engineers
  • Robotics and Automation Engineering

It is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering that deals with the design and development of robots/machines, to automate robotic control actions. The future of this engineering is full of possibilities. Robotics engineers make use of knowledge from computer, mechanical, electrical, and software engineering.

Scope Designing and Developing, Material Handling, Quality Control etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, Canada, Australia and China
Best Universities
  • University of Tulsa
  • University of Oklahoma
  • University of Strathclyde
  • Texas Tech University
  • University of Houston
  • University College London
  • University of Alberta
  • Imperial College London
Average Starting Salary $56,000 to $78,000
Popular Designations
  • Oil Engineers
  • Reservoir Engineers
  • Drilling Engineers
  • Materials Engineering

Material engineering is a field of finding uses for materials in other industries. They take help of computers to understand the model and elements of materials. Employment of material engineering is expected to grow faster than of all the occupations.

Scope Researching the properties of materials, Selecting the best materials, Complex Designs etc.
Best Countries to Pursue UK, France, Canada and Germany
Best Universities
  • University of Bristol
  • Arizona State University
  • Walsh University
  • Auburn University
  • Wright State University
  • The University of Melbourne
  • Stanford University
  • University of Toronto
Average Starting Salary $90,000 to $95000
Popular Designations
  • Quality Engineer
  • Product Engineer
  • Research Engineer
  • Electrical Engineering

It is the course that deals with the study, design, and application of devices. They use systems which have electricity and electromagnetism. Careers in this engineering typically offer above-average salaries and job growth projections.

Scope Renewable Energy Sectors, Automation, Telecommunication etc.
Best Countries to Pursue USA, Germany, UK, Japan and Netherlands
Best Universities
  • Stanford University
  • University of California
  • ETH Zurich
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Cambridge
  • Harvard University
  • Bangor University
  • Auckland University of Technology
Average Starting Salary $102,000 to $155,000
Popular Designations
  • Electrical Project Engineer
  • Test Engineer
  • Equipment Engineer

This was all about the 10 toughest engineering courses in the world, their applications, future prospects, and the best universities and countries for getting an education in these fields. Also, these are the best courses in demand abroad for the engineering field. In the next section, we’ll look at some factors that make these branches toughest in engineering.

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What Are the Factors That Define the Toughest Branch in Engineering?

The above mentioned courses in the list requires dedication. Plus, some of these courses requires a lot of hard work. Thus, the concept of toughest engineering branch is subjective and depends on personal aptitude and interests. Let’s have a look at some factors that contribute to the difficulty of a particular engineering discipline.

1 Evaluate the level of complex mathematical concepts involved in each branch.

2 Assess the depth of fundamental concepts within each engineering field.

3 Consider the practical experiments and hands-on work involved in laboratory experiments and projects.

4 Explore the demand for professionals in each field and the competitiveness of the job market.

5 Personal strengths and interests play a significant role, choose a branch aligned with individual aptitude.

Overall, the difficulty of an engineering branch varies from person to person, making it essential to align educational goals with personal strengths and interests. Moving ahead with the blog, let’s know that what things you should consider while choosing your engineering major.

Also Read: Best Courses in Demand Abroad 2024-25 | Your Handy Guide

What Things You Should Consider Before Selecting Your Engineering Course?

If you want to pursue the most toughest branch in engineering, you need to keep a few things in mind. Like any other major decision you make in your life, you must know about the pros and cons as well as the indications of selecting your engineering specialization. Here are some considerations you should keep in mind when deciding on the engineering degree you want to pursue.

  • Personal Interests and Goals- Try to think first why engineering. And what got you interested in becoming an engineer, do you enjoy problem-solving and critical thinking? These things might help you figure out which type of engineering you should be pursuing.
  • Return on Investment (ROI)- On Each Major- Each engineering major has a strong basis in mathematics and science. So first you need to know that are you interested in Maths and Science? And according to that decide your engineering major and also look for the salary in your course.
  • Choose a Field that Suits Your Lifestyle- You must consider your choices before deciding your major. Many of the courses require you to work long hours and some of them require you to be on your feet during the day.

By keeping these things in mind, you can obtain clarity while making your decision to find your way around the toughest engineering branch. Now let’s know about some skills that you will need to become an engineer.

What Skills Do You Need to Become an Engineer?

Whether you are applying for the easiest, hardest, or top engineering courses in the world, each one of them requires a specific skill set that maximizes your chances of success. Below in the image, there are some of the soft skills you need, along with hard skills to put on a resume and master for a rewarding career.

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Also Read: Top 10 Toughest Exams in the World 2024


Finally, above is a detailed guide on which is the toughest branch in engineering and which branch is best for the future out there that can help you build a bright career. Whether dealing with the complexities of aerospace engineering, or other branches aspiring engineers in these fields find themselves at the forefront of problem-solving. The ever-evolving nature of technology ensures that these branches will continue to be perceived as the toughest branch in engineering domain. Moreover, if you are an Indian student dreaming of pursuing engineering in foreign nations then connect with experts for a free counselling session.

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