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IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure of All Essay Types

Knowing how to correctly follow the IELTS writing task 2 structure of different essays can be the real deal cracker in band score. Understanding essay questions, generating good ideas quickly, using the right words, and organizing the thoughts parallel without sufficient knowledge and smart practice is nearly impossible. To help you with this, in this guide, we will cover the specifics of Task 2 essay writing. So let’s begin with the basics.

A Quick Brief on IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure!

The IELTS writing task 2 structure, format, and style depend on the type of essay. This test refers to the essay writing section in the IELTS (International English Language Testing System) exam. It is conducted as part of both the Academic and General Training modules. Task 2 essays in IELTS typically require you to discuss a given topic, present an argument, or analyze a particular situation. These essays assess your ability to organize ideas logically, support arguments with evidence, and demonstrate proficiency in English language usage.

The IELTS exam typically lasts around 2 hours and 45 minutes. However, the essay writing section is usually the last part of the IELTS exam pattern and lasts for 40 minutes. Thus, you are required to complete two tasks within this time frame while following writing task 2 in IELTS.

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IELTS Writing Task 2: Essay Structures for Different Types!

In IELTS writing task 2 essays, there's a wide range of types to tackle from expressing opinions to analysing problems. However, they all can be categorized into main five types. Understanding these differences will get the task of preparing half done. Let's dive into the structure and examples of each essay type and how to attempt them differently.

Opinion Essays:

In an opinion essay, you have to express your thoughts about a topic. Start by stating your opinion clearly, explain why you think that way with reasons and examples, and finally sum up your opinion again in the conclusion.

Opinion Essay Response of IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

IELTS Task 2 Structure of Opinion:

  • Introduction (Introduction of the topic and thesis statement)
  • Body Paragraphs (Arguments supporting the opinion)
  • Conclusion (Restate the opinion and summarise key points)

Tips for Opinion Essays :

  • Provide balanced arguments
  • Use linking words to connect ideas
  • Support your opinion with examples or evidence

Examples of Opinion Essays:

  • "Some people argue that watching television is a waste of time. Do you agree or disagree? Provide reasons and examples to support your opinion."
  • "Some people believe that technology has made our lives easier. Do you agree or disagree?"
  • "Are zoos beneficial or harmful to animals?"
  • "Is it better to live in a small town or a big city?"

Advantage and Disadvantage Essays:

An advantage and disadvantage essay talks about the good and bad sides of something. You have to discuss the advantages in one part and the disadvantages in another. Each part has examples and explanations. At the end, you could briefly talk about both sides again.

Advantage and Disadvantage Essay Response of IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

Task 2 Structure of Advantage and Disadvantage Essay:

  • Introduction (Introduction of the topic and thesis statement)
  • Advantage(s) (Explaining advantages with examples)
  • Disadvantage(s) (Explaining disadvantages with examples)
  • Conclusion (Summarise advantages and disadvantages, and express an overall opinion if required)

Tips for Advantage and Disadvantage Essay:

  • Provide equal attention to advantages and disadvantages
  • Use a variety of vocabulary to express benefits and drawbacks
  • Maintain a neutral tone

Examples of Advantage and Disadvantage Essay

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of studying abroad."
  • "What are the pros and cons of using social media?"
  • "Explain the benefits and drawbacks of renewable energy sources."
  • "Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of online shopping. Support your answer with relevant examples."

Problem and Solution Essays:

A problem and solution essay looks at a problem and suggests ways to fix it. You have to describe the problem and why it's important. Then, offer practical solutions, explaining how they could work. Finally, you have to summarise the problem and solutions, stressing why they're important.

Problem and Solution Essay Response of IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

Task 2 Structure of Problem and Solution Essays:

  • Introduction (Introduction of the problem and thesis statement)
  • Problems (Explanation of the problem(s) with examples)
  • Solutions (Proposed solutions with explanations)
  • Conclusion (Summarise the problems and solutions, and emphasize the importance of the proposed solutions)

Tips for Problem and Solution Essays:

  • Clearly define the problem and proposed solutions
  • Prioritise feasible solutions
  • Provide evidence to support the effectiveness of suggested measures

Examples of Problem and Solution Essays:

  • What are the main causes of stress among students? Suggest some solutions and support your ideas with relevant examples."
  • "How can the issue of air pollution be tackled?"
  • "Discuss the problem of obesity in society and suggest solutions."
  • "What measures can be taken to reduce traffic congestion in cities?"

Discussion Essays:

A discussion essay explores different points of view on a topic. You have to talk about each viewpoint separately, looking at each's strengths and weaknesses. In the end, you have to sum up what was discussed and may share your own opinion if needed.

Discussion Essay Response of IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

Structure of Writing Task 2 Discussion Essays:

  • Introduction (Introduction of the topic and thesis statement)
  • Different Perspectives (Present different viewpoints)
  • Analysis (Provide analysis or evaluation of each perspective)
  • Conclusion (Summarise key points and express a personal opinion if required)

Tips for Discussion Essays:

  • Present each perspective objectively
  • Analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each viewpoint
  • Conclude with a balanced summary

Examples of Discussion Essays:

  • "Is it better to work for yourself or a company? Discuss both options and give your opinion."
  • "Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of globalization."
  • "Is it better to rent or buy a house?"
  • "What are the impacts of technology on employment?"

Two-Part Question Essays:

A two-part question essay asks you to answer two different questions in one essay. You have to respond to each question separately. Then, summarise your answers to both questions in the end, maybe adding some extra thoughts.

Two-Part Question Essay Response of IELTS Writing Task 2 Structure

Structure of Writing Task 2 Two-Part Question Essays:

  • Introduction (Introduction of the topic and paraphrasing of the question)
  • First Part Response (Answer the first part of the question)
  • Second Part Response (Answer the second part of the question)
  • Conclusion (Summarise key points)

Tips for Two-Part Question Essays:

  • Address both parts of the question
  • Use clear and concise language
  • Maintain coherence throughout the essay

Examples of Two-Part Question Essays:

  • "What are the benefits of learning a foreign language? Should foreign language education be mandatory in schools? Discuss both questions and give your opinion."
  • "Do you think it is better to go to university or start working straight after school? What are the advantages and disadvantages of each?"
  • "Should governments invest more in public transportation or roads? Discuss both options and give your opinion."
  • "What are the main reasons for divorce? How can divorces be prevented?"

After checking out the different structures of writing task 2 essays, it's important to understand what makes each one unique. But don't worry; with good preparation, like learning how essays are structured and improving your language skills, you can handle these different essays without any problem.

What Are IELTS Task 2 Essay Test Conditions?

When it comes to the IELTS writing task 2 format, understanding the specific conditions is crucial. These conditions include time limits, word counts, and the choice between handwriting or typing, all of which impact how you approach your essays.

Writing Task 2 Requirements:

You will be provided with essay prompts or questions based on different topics or scenarios. These prompts can be related to opinion, advantages/disadvantages, problem/solution, discussion, or two-part questions.

Writing Materials:

You will be given an answer booklet or provided with a computer to type your essays. The choice between handwriting or typing depends on your selection of format for writing task 2 in IELTS.

Word Limit:

You must adhere to the word limit specified for each IELTS writing task 2 format. Usually, there is a minimum and maximum word count for each essay task.


Essays are evaluated based on criteria such as coherence and cohesion, lexical resource, grammatical range and accuracy, and task response. Each essay is scored by trained examiners.

Test Environment:

The exam is conducted in a controlled environment to ensure fairness and integrity. You are expected to follow the rules and regulations set by the test centre.

Security Measures:

Test centers implement security measures to prevent cheating or malpractice. This may include checking identification, monitoring you during the exam, and ensuring the confidentiality of test materials.

Knowing the conditions for writing task 2 essays set the stage for handling the different types of essays and structure of writing task 2 IELTS exam. Let's venture into the details.

How to Prepare for IELTS Writing Task 2?

Preparing for the IELTS Writing Task 2 essay involves several steps to boost your writing skills and get familiar with the essay format for IELTS. Here's a structured approach to help you prepare effectively:

  • Get to know the different types of Task 2 essays (like giving your opinion, discussing pros and cons, solving problems, etc.).
  • Understand the IELTS syllabus, structure, and expectations for each type.
  • Practice writing regularly on different topics, starting with simple ones.
  • Work on improving your vocabulary, grammar, and how you put sentences together.
  • Read some example essays and previous years' essay formats for IELTS for each type to see how they're put together.
  • Look at the words used, how the ideas are organized, and how examples are used.
  • Try to plan, write, and review your essays within the 40-minute time limit.
  • Make sure you understand what you're being asked to do in each essay question, and you cover all parts of the question.
  • Before you start writing, spend a bit of time planning what you'll say. Think about what you want to say in each paragraph.
  • Make sure your ideas follow a logical order and use different words to express your ideas.
  • Try to use real examples or facts to make your points stronger and back up what you're saying.
  • Swap essays with friends and give each other feedback, or ask your teacher for help with the proofreading.
  • Do practice tests in exam conditions and writing task 2 format to get used to the real thing.
  • Check for online IELTS coaching mock test series and consider getting help from teachers or taking courses to get ready.


Mastering task 2 essay writing in the IELTS exam requires a thorough understanding of different essay types, their structures, and the effective implementation of writing strategies. By practicing regularly and following the guidelines provided in this guide by experts from, you can significantly improve your essay writing skills and achieve your desired band scores.

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