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Ant Intelligence Reading Answers with Explanation for IELTS Exam

 The reading section in the IELTS exam assesses the student's ability to understand passages. It evaluates how the student comprehends the given texts. Thus, this segment of the test requires more attention and practice. In this write-up, you will get the solutions to questions for “Ant Intelligence Reading Answers”.

What's more, there are detailed explanations for each answer for your reference. Moreover, the ideal time to solve the questions given in the passage is 20 minutes.     Let us now see if you can interpret the passage and solve all the questions in 20 minutes.

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Ant Intelligence Reading Answers with Explanation for IELTS Exam

Below are the answers for above IELTS Reading passage along with the explanation.

Question 1

Explanation :It is mentioned in the first line of paragraph B, that ants communicate using chemical signals as humans do. However, humans do not communicate with chemical channels as that of ants. “Such chemical communication can be compared to the human use of visual and auditory channels.” Hence, the statement is incorrect.

Question 2

Explanation :Paragraph G states that earlier man had no exposure to urban life, but now they have developed intelligence over time. Likewise, ants have also developed underground cities and also become intelligent. The line “developing and maintaining underground cities of specialised chambers and tunnels” suggests that the statement is true.

Question 3

Explanation :Although in paragraph J, it is mentioned that ants can navigate and direct themselves. ”They combine the evidence of visual landmarks with a mental library of local directions, all within a framework which is consulted and updated”. However, is nowhere mentioned that ants can build cities faster than human beings.

Question 4

Explanation :In paragraph J, it is mentioned that when ants travel, they calculate distances and can navigate their way back. “when desert ants return from a foraging trip, they navigate by integrating bearings and distances, which they continuously update in their heads.” Hence, the statement stands correct.

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Question 5

Explanation :Paragraph K of the passage suggests that the foragers got to the point where there was food. ”Often, the foragers proceeded to the exact spot in the maze where the food had been. Elaborate precautions were taken to prevent the foraging team from using odour clues.” However, this does not mean that they were able to use their sense of smell to find food. Thus, that statement is incorrect.  

Question 6

Explanation :In the last paragraph of the passage it is mentioned that Edward Wilson in his essay ‘In the Company of Ants’ asks readers to ‘Watch where you step. Be careful of little lives.' However, it is nowhere stated that he explores communication.

Question 7

ANSWER :C - Cellulose
Explanation :In paragraph E, it is mentioned that “Ants can't digest the cellulose in leaves - but some fungi can. The ants, therefore, cultivate these fungi in their nests, bringing them leaves to feed on, and then use them as a source of food.” Hence, ants convert fungi into cellulose that they can digest.

Question 8

ANSWER :M - secretions
Explanation :In passage E, it is mentioned that ants produce antibiotics that prevent fungi from turning into weeds. ”Farmer ants secrete antibiotics to control other fungi that might act as weeds” Hence, it can be inferred that they use their natural secretions as weed-killers.

Question 9

ANSWER :F - Fertilizers
Explanation :In the fifth paragraph of the passage it is mentioned that the antibiotics secreted by ants turn waste material into fertilizers. As stated, “spread waste to fertilise the crop.” Hence, it can be concluded that ants use waste and unwanted material as fertilizers.

Question 10

ANSWER :D - Exchanging
Explanation :In paragraph F, the last few lines suggest that ants evolve and create new species by upgrading fungi. “DNA analysis of the fungi suggests that the ants improve or modify the fungi by regularly swapping and sharing strains with neighbouring ant colonies.” Hence, it can be said that new species are produced by exchanging strains with different ant colonies.

Question 11

ANSWER :N - Sustainable
Explanation :Paragraph D suggests, the method that ants use for farming are sustainable as it does not destroy the surroundings. It is believed that the crop farming method that ants use is much better than what we do now. Hence, it can be said that the methods that they use are sustainable.

Question 12

ANSWER :O - Environment
Explanation :In the fourth paragraph, it is mentioned that the farming method used by ants is much better than human agriculture because it does not wreck or destroy the environment. Hence, it can be said that these methods that ants use do not affect the environment.

Question 13

ANSWER :E - Energy
Explanation :In paragraph D, it is mentioned, that the method of farming that ants use does not consume a lot of energy. Hence, there is no wastage of energy as well.   

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